Protect sources, protect the publicWritten by Kevin Smith | | firstname.lastname@example.org
During the course of its investigation into the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, The Associated Press was given information from the then-office of Mineral Management Services that was not making a lot of sense.
As millions of gallons of crude spewed into the Gulf waters and the oversight by MMS officials on BP’s well was being called into question, an anonymous source in that office told reporters far different stories than what they had been initially told. This anonymous source set the record straight by coming forward and speaking out and suddenly the world knew that this was more than a mechanical failure; it was a full-system failure. The people hired to keep these events from occurring were ignoring their responsibilities.
At times, anonymous sources provide crucial information to the press. Stories of oil disasters may be the latest, but without citizens coming forward and sharing vital information, Americans would not know about steroids in sports, excessive military spending, or food and drug hazards. We would never have been told about Watergate.
A bill in the U.S. Senate will help assure such stories continue to reach the public. Senate bill 448, The Free Flow of Information Act, will protect the sources that journalists rely on from having their identities exposed in all but a few circumstances, including where national security concerns are raised. Five years in the making, the current version of this bill is supported by more than 50 journalism organizations, the White House, the Justice Department and most of your congressional delegation.
Most states have laws that can protect a source’s identity from overzealous prosecutors and judges, but there is no such protection yet at the federal level. Senate bill 448 would change that, extending the same protections offered through statute or common law in 49 states to the national government. Without it, stories focusing on the federal government will not be told because reporters are faced with threats of jail time and fines if they do not turn on their sources.
Subpoenas against the press numbered more than 3,000 nationwide in 2006 with 335 issued by federal prosecutors seeking the identities of news sources, according to a survey conducted by a Brigham Young University law professor. More than a few journalists have spent time in jail, and some have been forced out of the profession altogether by heavy fines that crippled them financially. These are all heavy-handed tactics to elicit the names of people who can then be identified and retaliated against. Media companies large and small faced with the enormous expenses of fighting such legal battles to protect sources are turning their backs on compelling stories.
The clock is ticking as Congress will recess in August. Tell your senator to have the bill moved to a full Senate vote as soon as possible and support its passage.
Without this bill, stories that affect lives, like the oil spill in the Gulf, will never get the detailed attention they need to bring about change. Without this bill, your government has a better chance of operating in darkness or lying its way out of trouble. Help bring this to an end by voicing support for Senate bill 448.
Only when there is a free flow of information from the government to its people can we truly appreciate the beauty and power of a democracy.
Kevin Z. Smith is the 2009-2010 national president of the Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ). Reach him at email@example.com. For more on SPJ’s work to improve and protect journalism, see www.spj.org.